It is eaten by the poorer classes and by shepherds in plains where it grows alone." In addition it does not survive cold winters like Ficus carica, and Ficus carica has a much wider range, particularly in colder regions of Iraq and northward.nother excellent article about ancient fig cultivation was written by J.
Galil entitled "An Ancient Technique for Ripening Sycomore Fruit in East-Mediterranean Countries" (Economic Botany 22: 178-190, 1978).
The trees are readily propagated by cuttings and were transported and cultivated by people thousands of years ago. D.) devoted an entire chapter to the practice of caprification in Italy. The fig referred to by Herodotus may have been Ficus carica, but another species called the sycomore fig (Ficus sycomorus) was also used for food in the eastern Mediterranean region.
Apparently many ancient civilizations were aware of the fact that Ficus carica required pollination in order to produce edible, seed-bearing fruits, a process called caprification. C., Aristotle described fig wasps that came out of caprifigs and penetrated the unripe female fig fruits, thus fertilizing them. The subject of fig pollination and "gallflies" is also mentioned by Herodotus (Book I, 485? According to Goor (1965): "The sycomore fruit is much inferior and cheaper...
It grows readily from seeds and cuttings, especially along water courses and rich, bottom lands, and was introduced by people throughout the Holy Land.
Fig trees provided shade, fire wood and several crops of nourishing fruit a year.
Then I expanded it to include figs in other parts of the world and fossil figs. The seed-bearing drupelets (nutlets) impart a superior nutty flavor to the fig newton (right).
This is a very complicated subject, particularly the biology of fig pollination. The pollination process is accomplished by a minute, symbiotic wasp by the name of Blastophaga psenes Left: A dozen female Blastophaga psenes crammed into the ostiole of receptive profichi syconium of a caprifig. These winged female wasps came from the overwintering mamme crop on the caprifig tree.
A note to fig biologists who might read this article.
It was originally designed to be a light account of fig trees in the "holy land" region of the Middle East with a little humor injected into the article. A wasp-pollinated Calimyrna fig containing numerous seed-bearing drupelets (minute ripened ovaries).