American Populism A Social History Essay

This seems especially evident in the American version of social history, where modernisation theory is a leading inspiration (Eugen Weber's Peasants into Frenchmen, a celebration of the allegedly civilising process, is an accessible and influential example).It can also be seen in the preoccupation with the origins of 'companionate' marriage and the modern family, a work pioneered in a liberal-humanist vein by Lawrence Stone, and in a more conservative one by Peter Laslett and Alan Macfarlane.

Tags: A2 History Coursework ChinaEssay On One Rule To Live ByUnsung Heroes EssayPreschool Business PlanHomework WriterHampton University College Application EssayEssay On Air PollutionDt Extended Essay TopicsAct Prep Essay QuestionsBusiness Plan Examples Uk

The democratisation of genealogy, and the remarkable spread of family history societies – a 'grassroots' movement of primary research – could also be said to reflect the egalitarian spirit of the 1960s; a new generation of researchers finds as much delight in discovering plebeian origins as earlier ones did the tracing of imaginary aristocratic pedigrees.

Another major 1960's influence on the new social history – very different in its origins and effects – was the 'nostalgia industry' which emerged as a kind of negative counterpart, or antiphon, to the otherwise hegemonic modernisation of the time.

Rescuing the past from the enormous 'condescension of posterity'? Fashion may direct the historians' gaze; or a new methodology may excite them; or they may stumble on an untapped source.

Sometimes it is suggested by 'gaps' which the young researcher is advised by supervisors to fill; or by an established interpretation which, iconoclastically, he or she is encouraged to challenge.

Social history does not only reflect public interest, it also prefigures and perhaps helps to create it.

Thus 'Victorian Values' were being rehabilitated by nineteenth-century enthusiasts for a decade or more before Mrs Thatcher appropriated them for her Party's election platform; while Professor Hoskins' discovery of 'lost' villages, and his celebration of the English landscape anticipated some of the animating sentiments which have been made the conservationist movement a force for planners to reckon with.The spirit of 1960s social history – tacking in its own way to the 'winds of change' – was pre-eminently a modernising one, both chronologically, in the choice of historical subject matter, and methodologically, in the adoption of multi-disciplinary perspectives.Whereas constitutional history had its original heart in medieval studies, and economic history, as it developed in the 1930s and 1940s, was centrally preoccupied with Tudor and Stuart times (the famous controversy on 'The Rise of the Gentry' is perhaps representative), the 'new' social history, first in popular publication in the railway books (as of David and Charles) and later in its academic version, was apt to make its historical homeland in Victorian Britain, while latterly, in its enthusiasm for being 'relevant' and up-to-date, it has shown a readiness, even an eagerness, to extend its inquiry to the present. the new social history was hospitable to the social sciences, and much of the energy behind the expansion of Past and Present – the most ecumenical of the social history journals, and the first to be preoccupied with the inter-relationship of history and 'theory' – came from the discovery of historical counterparts to the categories of social anthropology and sociology: e.g.Another of its major themes – solidarity – could be said to have been anticipated by that sub-genre of autobiography and sociological enquiry – Hoggart's Uses of Literacy (1957) was the prototype – which made the vanishing slum a symbol of lost community.' So far as historical work was concerned, these sentiments crystallised in an anti-progressive interpretation of the past, a folkloric enthusiasm for anachronism and survival, and an elegaic regard for disappearing communities.'Resurrectionism' – rescuing the past from the 'enormous condescension' of posterity, reconstituting the vanished components of 'The World We Have Lost' – became a major impetus in historical writing and research.Methodologically too, in ways presciently announced at the beginning of the decade in E. 'sub-cultures', social mobility, crowd psychology, and latterly gender identities.One way in which numbers of the new social historians made them- selves at home in the past was by projecting modernity backwards, finding anticipations of the present in the past. Ever since its elevation to the status of a discipline, and the emergence of a hierarchically organised profession, history has been very largely concerned with problematics of its own making.Its practitioners are counted in thousands rather than hundreds – indeed tens of thousands if one were to include (as I would) those who fill the search rooms of the Record Offices, and the local history rooms of the public libraries, documenting family 'roots'; the volunteer guides at the open-air museums; or the thousands of railway fanatics who spend their summer holidays acting as guards or station staff on the narrow gauge lines of the Pennines and North Wales.Urban history, pioneered as a cottage industry by H. Dyos in the 1960s, and labour history, as redefined in E. Thompson's Making of the English Working Class, was a protest against the routinisation and narrowing of economic history, together with (in the case of Thompson) sideswipes at the invading generalities of the sociologists.Social history owes its current prosperity, both as a popular enthusiasm and as a scholarly practice, to the cultural revolution of the 1960s, and reproduces – in however mediated a form – its leading inspirations.


Comments American Populism A Social History Essay

  • Populism vs Progressivism - This One vs That One

    Populism. Populism, as a widely used word, began to gain a cultural foothold in the 1890’s when the American populist movement started in earnest, with its antagonistic perception of urban intellectuals. It was a radical farmer movement, spurred by poor crops, income inequality, and social isolation.…

  • Populism

    POPULISM arose in the late 1880s and 1890s as a movement of farmers, laborers, and other reformers protesting the inequities of American life. The late nineteenth century was an era of rapid innovations in telecommunications, steam transport, industrial organization, and global trade.…

  • American Populism A User’s Guide National Review

    American Populism A User’s Guide. They disagreed over whether any of these things were issues at all. Social populism, then, was optimism about the ability of ordinary people to establish and enforce communal norms. After all, Jeff wrote,“The setting of community standards is at the root of all significant issues.…

  • Populism History, Facts, & Examples

    See Article History. Populism, political program or movement that champions the common person, usually by favourable contrast with an elite. Populism usually combines elements of the left and the right, opposing large business and financial interests but also frequently being hostile to established socialist and labour parties.…

  • Encyclopedia of Populism in America A Historical Encyclopedia - ABC-CLIO

    Encyclopedia of Populism in America A Historical Encyclopedia. by Alexandra Kindell and Elizabeth S. Demers. While Populism has its origins in post-Civil War farmers seeking to fight exploitation by big business, today the movement encompasses both right-wing and left-wing organizations and icons.…

  • What is Social History? History Today

    This seems especially evident in the American version of social history, where modernisation theory is a leading inspiration Eugen Weber's Peasants into Frenchmen, a celebration of the allegedly civilising process, is an accessible and influential example.…

  • Populism As A Challenge To Democracy - UK Essays

    Populism as a challenge to democracy According to Canovan 1999, democracy as it is known refers to liberal democracy and that populism poses a threat to democracy because it is illiberal. This is because political parties constitute the main actors in liberal democracy and this constitutes the source of criticism for the populist who have.…

  • From Punched Cards to 'Big Data' A Social History of Database Populism

    Social History of Database Populism Kevin Driscoll University of Southern California, [email protected] Abstract Since the diffusion of the punched card tabulator following the 1890 U. S. Census, mass-scale information processing has been alternately a site of opportunity, ambivalence and fear in the American imagination.…

  • The Period Known As The Gilded Age History Essay

    The Gilded age refers to the brief time in American History after the Civil War Restoration period. The Gilded Age derived its name from the many great fortunes that were created during this period. During this time, the United States experienced a population and economic boom that led to the creation of an incredibly wealthy upper class.…

  • AP U. S. History Topic Outlines - Study Notes

    These important U. S. history concepts are essential to your success on the AP US History APUSH exam. Licensed from the Monterey Institute for Technology and Education under Creative Commons. Discovery and Settlement of the New World. Europe and the Impulse for Exploration. Spanish and French Exploration.…

The Latest from ©