Black Plague Essay

From there the disease went as fast as ships could travel to other Mediterranean ports and then to cities on Europe’s Atlantic coast and along Europe’s main rivers.People fled the port cities and died of plague in roadside ditches.In the Middle Ages, nobody understood the disease’s cause.

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If a flea bites a non-immune animal, the animal will die. The black rat, a nimble climber, could scoot up mooring ropes; as a result, it was carried from India to the eastern Mediterranean and eastern Africa.

From Egypt, the rat and plague went by ship to Constantinople and to the ports of Europe.[5] The European seaports knew that a wide-spread, deadly plague was raging in the East. India was depopulated, as were Mesopotamia, Syria, Armenia, and other neighboring countries. The plague did not hit Europe with full force until 1346, when a new route for overland trade with China provided rapid transit for flea-infested furs from China.[6] Traders returned from Asia, China, India, and the Middle East to Genoa and Venice in Italy.

In 1347, when the weather turned cold, bubonic plague had spread through most of Southern Europe.

The deadlier, pneumonic form traveled father and reached England in 1348.

() The Middle Ages’ Black Plague or Great Dying did not end feudalism or bring about the Renaissance, the Reformation, or the rise of the secular state, but it hastened their arrival.

Europe’s center of trade and prosperity shifted from the Mediterranean Sea port cities to the northeastern cities.

The most commonly noted symptom was the most dramatic – large boils that started in the groin or armpits and spread over the body.[10] This is the bubonic form of the disease.

Another common form is pneumonic, similar to pneumonia.

The Black Plague of the Middle Ages is thought to have originated in India about 1332,[1] but this is not certain.

There were reports of bubonic Plague outbreaks in China prior to that date.[2] In the 1330’s, unusually dry, windy weather caused Chinese nomads to migrate in search of food and water, along with their pack animals and relocating, hungry rodents.[3] The Plague is caused by bacteria normally resident in field mice, ground squirrels and marmots (rodents similar to woodchucks).[4] Flea bites carry the germ from rodent to rodent, and it is normally not fatal to its hosts. The plague began to spread through cities after they attracted large numbers of scavengers, especially the black rat.


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