Temperance, also known as self-discipline, is needed by the workers, so that they do not desire to be in the ruler’s position. the rulers and their subjects agree on who the rulers should be.” (The Republic 431e) Temperance is also used to control the desire to go against one’s free-will.
It is seen that each position has its own importance in the community, and for the community to function correctly each one must agree on their position in life. Plato says, “To be self-disciplined is somehow to order and control the pleasures and desires.” (The Republic 430e) The last virtue to be discussed is Justice otherwise known as morality.
Desire is the temptation to do what is wrong, but self-discipline corrects it.
“…desirous part, which is the major constituent of an individual’s mind and is naturally insatiably greedy for things.” (The Republic 442a) Justice is again found in all three parts of the soul, because when they all work together justly, they are successful.
The next issue we will discuss is how Plato would apply his theory of the individual soul to his theory of the proper political order.
In order to discuss this we mush first discuss Plato’s beliefs in the theory of the forms because, Plato’s concept of what politics and government should be is a direct result of his belief in the theory of forms.
Next is passion, which is the fighting for what is right, and the two together work as allies. the rational part is wise and looks out for the whole of the mind, isn’t it right for it to rule, and for the passionate part to be its subordinate and its ally.” (The Republic 441e) As passion and reason work together, passion is found in the military.
The last part is desire, which can be found in temperance, and is closely related to passion.
I will also discuss whether I would find Plato’s application successful.
The first concept we must discuss if we are gong to talk about Plato’s vision of the human soul are the four virtues the human soul posses.