Critical Thinking Models For Students

Critical Thinking Models For Students-49
They then provide reasons, or evidence, to support their claim; they should try to incorporate at least three supportive reasons (the "patties").

They then provide reasons, or evidence, to support their claim; they should try to incorporate at least three supportive reasons (the "patties").Elaboration on the reasons provides additional detail (the "fixings").Paul's (1992) Elements of Reasoning is a model for critical thinking and emphasizes the following eight elements: issue, purpose, point of view, assumptions, concepts, evidence, inferences, and implications or consequences.

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The chart guides students from establishing a context and purpose for the source to evaluating and interpreting the source, including its authenticity/reliability and consequences/outcomes.

The Research Model provides students with a way to approach an issue of significance and explore it individually and in small groups.

A concluding sentence or paragraph wraps up the sandwich (the bottom bun).

The Dagwood Model is an extended version of the sandwich metaphor (i.e. This model is designed to help students construct a persuasive essay which also addresses the arguments of the contrasting viewpoint.

Within the William and Mary curriculum units, specific teaching models are used to strengthen students' critical thinking skills.

Each of the models is used within the context of a particular unit of study.

Critical thinking is that mode of thinking – about any subject, content, or problem — in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them. The Paul-Elder framework has three components: According to Paul and Elder (1997), there are two essential dimensions of thinking that students need to master in order to learn how to upgrade their thinking.

They need to be able to identify the "parts" of their thinking, and they need to be able to assess their use of these parts of thinking.

It asks students to investigate a single word in detail, finding its definition, synonyms and antonyms, and etymological information.

With this information, students then identify "word families," or other words using the same meaning-based stems as the original word; and they provide an example of the word, which may be a sentence or analogy using the word, a visual or dramatic representation, or another creative form.


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