However, studies and trials are being conducted, with Harvard and MIT reporting that they are close to finding a cure for type 1 diabetes.
Researchers have discovers how to create huge quantities of insulin producing cells, which means that the insulin injection could soon be a thing of the past.
It is caused by at least two mutant genes in the chromosome 6, the chromosome that affects the response of the body to various antigens.
Viral infection may also influence the occurrence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Studies have shown that infection with viruses such as rubella, Coxsackievirus, mumps, hepatitis B virus, and cytomegalovirus increase the risk of developing diabetes.
Potential Cures Currently, there is no cure for type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
Conclusion In conclusion, all forms of diabetes – type 1, type 2 and gestational – are very difficult to cure.
Also, there are no known methods of prevention, as this disease is mainly caused by genetic factors.
Research into stem cells is also ongoing, with relatively promising results.
Also, researchers are working on methods to transplant islet cells from donors to diabetes patients.