Early Roman Architecture Essay

Early Roman Architecture Essay-9
Influences on modern architecture It’s no surprise that the expansive nature of the Roman Empire left many nations highly influenced by their architecture and infrastructure.And centuries after the fall of the Roman Empire, many iconic national monuments were designed to emulate this historic period of architectural excellence.Innovative materials and techniques Probably the biggest innovation that Roman architecture brought with it was the widespread use of concrete.

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The Romans also made what became the very common round, domed temple.

The main temple of a Roman city was the capitolium.

Romans were the first to create a vast and complicated road system that connected cities to the capital.

You may have heard the phrase, all roads lead to Rome? Add to this the creation of bridges and aqueducts, and much of what constitutes as modern society could not exist without the ideas of Roman architects.

The most obvious is the White House, which displays Roman influences in the arches and columns on the exterior.

And while the White House is the most famous government building to incorporate Roman architectural influences, it is by no means the only one to do so.The Pantheon, the famous temple in Rome, was a sample for some of the modern day cathedrals and churches.The Classical Period Temples became much larger and more elaborate.Concrete could also be produced locally, making it far more cost-effective; even Roman Emperors had a budget to stick to.It wasn’t just beautiful buildings and grand designs that made Roman architecture so influential, the concept of an infrastructure was what allowed the expansive empire to function.The Greeks thought of their Gods as having the same needs as human beings, they believed that the Gods needed somewhere to live on Earth. The basic design of temples developed from the royal halls of the Maycenaean Age.A Mycenaean palace consisted of a number of buildings often more than one story high, grouped around a central courtyard. In each palace there was a large hall called a megaron, where the king held court and conducted state business. This reconstruction is based on the remains from other palaces, which would have been similar.They say Rome wasn’t built in a day (which makes sense, because that would be impossible) but however long it took to build the Italian capital, the days, months, years, centuries of work have left a lasting impact upon architecture even to this day.While they may have borrowed some of their earliest ideas from the Ancient Greeks, Etruscans, Egyptians and Persians, ancient Roman architects changed the shape of architecture for all time, giving mankind buildings that it had never seen before, alongside public structures, roads and infrastructure that could be used by people from all levels of society.They used mainly the Corinthian style, but they also made combinations, for instance the Corinthian-Ionic style.The Romans also added a lot of details and decorations to their temples.


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