Erikson assumes that development stages are the same for both females and males.His theory elaborates that one must accept his own sex, however sex does not determine how one functions.
However, delays in body satisfaction may result to mistrust of time (Erik Erikson’s development theory of identity development, n.d, p.46). shame; that is common in toddlers between 18 months – 3years.
In this stage, toddlers begin exploring their environment with the support of their parents; however, caution is required as the toddlers may access things that are dangerous and harmful to their health and safety.
This stage also attributes to a child’s training, for instance, toilet training whereby a child is able to control body waste products until he reaches the toilet.
However, if too much is demanded from the children, there is a possibility of children developing doubts in their capability to accomplish tasks. guilt, which ranges between three to six years; here, children learn to be logical, for instant, the fact that items fall down and not upwards.
These stages include infancy, which ranges from 0-18months where trust or mistrust can be developed.
Policy Research Working Paper - Erik Erikson Developmental Stages Essay
A mother can establish trust to the infant through care, so that the infant does not develop mistrust towards the world at large.
In this stage, adolescents develop a sense of personal identity, while avoiding the dangers of diffusion and confusion.
Identity achievement is achieved when an individual recognizes his strengths and weaknesses and determines the best way to deal with them. Identity confusion ends as adults understand identities and fit in well socially.
If a child fails to achieve his goals, he may suffer from guilt and seem powerless if ridiculed by peers (Nevid, 2008, p.349). inferiority is a stage that occurs between six to 12 years, whereby children are eager to learn, hence developing through reading, writing, and communicating.
However, children at this stage can be rebellious; nevertheless, if children perform competently in school and in extra- curriculum activities, they result to being industrious by taking up a role in these activities.