In Plato’s Euthyphro, Socrates challenged Euthyphro for a solid definition of ‘what is piety’.
In Apology Plato goes on to state the charges which had been set against Socrates, but while doing so Plato juggles the readers mind whether Socrates was guilty of any of these charges....
" is one of the great questions posed in the history of philosophy.
It suggests a distinction between an essentialist perspective and a conventionalist perspective.
This circumstance casts a shadow over the discussion.
For as Socrates says, the question he's asking on this occasion is hardly a trivial, abstract issue that doesn't concern him. Euthyphro is there because he is prosecuting his father for murder.With this in mind, I will discuss the three definitions of the word 'pious' that the character Euthyphro gives to Socrates, and Socrates' problems with each of these definitions.... It is a good book with helpful footnotes and a minimum of scholarly obstruction.[tags: Euthyphro] - On Euthyphro: Notes by Sidney Fein They say that, in his youth, Rabbi Israel studied eight hundred books of the Kabbalah. The editor has included half a dozen dialogues: Ion, Meno, Symposium, Republic, Apology, Crito, and Phaedo....Although Socrates generally gets the better of Euthyphro, some of what Euthyphro says makes a certain amount of sense.For instance, when asked what human beings can give the gods, he replies that we give them honor, reverence, and gratitude.One of their servants had killed a slave, and Euthyphro's father had tied the servant up and left him in a ditch while he sought advice about what to do. Most people would consider it impious for a son to bring charges against his father, but Euthyphro claims to know better.He was probably a kind of priest in a somewhat unorthodox religious sect.But the first time he saw the maggid of Mezritch face to face, he instantly knew that he knew nothing at all. [tags: Euthyphro] - Socrates was a great Philosopher and thinker who were able to take his knowledge to greater heights from Ancient Athens.I have on my desk one of my daughter's college textbooks, the Mentor edition of Great Dialogues of Plato as translated by W. Due to Socrates great thinking and open-mindedness he was accused by many but persecuted with two charges, which were brought against him.Socrates' Objection: The notion of care involved here is unclear.It can't be the sort of care a dog owner gives to its dog since that aims at improving the dog. If it's like the care a slave gives his master, it must aim at some definite shared goal. Socrates' Objection: When pressed, this definition turns out to be just the third definition in disguise.