His alienation does not stop him dreaming of being accepted by humans.He sees Safie, also an alien, being accepted, but she is beautiful, not a hideous monster.Alienation is the cause of the Creature’s unhappiness.
Shelley was aware of Galvani’s experiments and through her depiction of the alienation of the Creature, she is warning against the dangers of the obsessive, reckless pursuit of science. Science therefore causes alienation, as the Creature is hideously disfigured he is rejected, and therefore this alienation causes the Creature to rebel against society and commit murder.
This can be related to the 21 century as people who are disabled are still shunned by some people and this therefore causes alienation and therefore unhappiness.
Like the French peasants in France in 1789, the Creature is alienated and oppressed and like the French peasants he rebels.
In her presentation of the Creature’s alienation, Shelley is warning against state oppression.
When the novel was written a scientific revolution was taking place.
Advances in electricity and biology were causing some concern as people were actually discussing the possibility of bringing the dead back to life.
Shelley’s original readers would be aware of this especially when considering the Luddites, who were also similar to the Creature in their oppression and alienation. The Creature was born benevolent but as Jean Jacques Rousseau acknowledged ‘man is born good but corrupted by society’.
The horrific treatment endured by the Creature caused him to be alienated and this, as stated, caused him to turn evil and rebel against the society from which he is alienated.
When the creature takes refuge in a hovel, next to the De Lacey’s cottage, he begins to learn about people.
He also learns to speak, and hopes to win them over by the ‘beauty of his soul’.