Essays On Psychodynamic Counselling

However, in most situations, particularly social ones, there is inter-action: exchange of opinion, agreement, argument, attraction, flirtation, aggression, repulsion, and so on.

In this way, through interaction, our expectations and assumptions are either confirmed, contradicted or modified.

More specifically, Freud suggested that frustrations occurring during infancy, particularly in the area of mother-infant bonding (Lewis & Feiring, 1989) and in connection with predictable stages of early development set the stage for latent psychological problems, many of which manifest themselves in the direction and nature of sexual urges……

Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: A Practitioner's Guide. eview and Discussion Psychodynamic Theory Founded……

This essay will critique the efficacy of Psychodynamic and Cognitive-Behavioural counselling approaches, in particular as they apply to a specific case scenario.

Both approaches will be defined and explained, and a brief expose of their relative antecedents will clarify the respective locations of each in the broad spectrum of counselling theories.Like Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy uses the basic assumption that everyone has an unconscious mind (this is sometimes called the subconscious), and that feelings held in the unconscious mind are often too painful to be faced.Thus we come up with defences to protect us knowing about these painful feelings.Those who forget history are doomed to repeat it, and this is the same for an individual.Though we may repress our very early experiences (thus we don't remember them) the theory is that the "ID" never forgets the experiences.A core principle in Freud's theories espoused that unpleasant or traumatic childhood experiences - if suppressed in the unconscious and denied by means of 'defence mechanisms' - could subsequently surface as inexplicable thoughts or behaviours in adult life (Geldard 1998: 12-13).Corey (1991: 96-99) succinctly describes the three systems that make up the 'structure of personality' as the 'biological (id), psychological (ego), and social' (super-ego), and that 'ego defence mechanisms' whilst having the potential to warp reality, are normal processes operating on an unconscious level to protect the ego from being 'overwhelmed'.This was the beginning of his understanding of how, in the therapeutic setting, the therapist becomes a figure of overwhelming importance.Not because of any intrinsic wisdom or innate charm on his/her part but because, Freud realized, feelings previously felt in connection with parents or significant others were being transferred from the past into the present: the transference. Before I attempt to answer this question it is important to point out that all our relationships have an element of transference in them: into each new meeting both participants bring expectations and assumptions based on previous encounters.An example of one of these defences is called denial, which you may have already come across.Psychodynamic therapy assumes that these defences have gone wrong and are causing more harm than good, that is why you have needed to seek help.


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