To him I may fairly answer: There you are mistaken: a man who is good for anything ought not to calculate the chance of living or dying; he ought only to consider whether in doing anything he is doing right or wrong - acting the part of a good man or of a bad" This is Socrates most cherished principle, that in dying for his beliefs he would be choosing the most noble action and not the most obvious.
Throughout the Apology, Socrates puts forward his views of wisdom, virtue, and nobility he believes to be moral truths, not to clear his name, but to reveal the ignorance of his prosecutors, judges, and fellow citizens.
In politics Socrates did not like the form of the Athens, he supported the democracy.
These ideas have a great influence over the young people of Athens.
In his whole life he tried to spread wisdom & inspired the common people to build a friendly relationship with each other.
Socrates ideas & philosophy had greatly affected the social system & order of Athens.He tried to establish a human reason based society rather than theological code.He showed that the desire of happiness motivate the choice of human.During the trial for mortifying the mind of young people Socrates said that they should concerned about their welfare of the souls rather than their family.Socrates ideas had affected the view toward the knowledge politics & virtue of people of the society.So the authority had charged two cases against him for disrupting the social order & the jury had verdict him to death sentence. The Apology At the trial for his life in 399 BC, Socrates defense is recounted in Plato's Apology.The ruler of Athens told him to give up philosophy but did not do that & received the death penalty.According to Socrates, philosophy should achieved practical result for the well being of the society.Socrates had clearly differentiated the knowledge & the ignorance.He also believed that one should give concentration on the development of himself than on material things & encouraged people to develop a good relationship among other society member.