It tells of a talking raven's mysterious visit to a distraught lover, tracing the man's slow fall into madness.Tags: Northern Ireland Gcse CourseworkEssay Writing TutorEssays On CompassionTraveling Essay IntroductionCharacteristics Of Problem SolvingCritical Thinking AndParanoid Schizophrenia Essay Papers
Poe borrows the complex rhythm and meter of Elizabeth Barrett's poem "Lady Geraldine's Courtship", and makes use of internal rhyme as well as alliteration throughout.
"The Raven" was first attributed to Poe in print in the New York Evening Mirror on January 29, 1845.
Its publication made Poe popular in his lifetime, although it did not bring him much financial success.
The poem was soon reprinted, parodied, and illustrated.
Critical opinion is divided as to the poem's literary status, but it nevertheless remains one of the most famous poems ever written.
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary, Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore— While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door."'Tis some visiter," I muttered, "tapping at my chamber door— Only this and nothing more." Ah, distinctly I remember it was in the bleak December; And each separate dying ember wrought its ghost upon the floor.Eagerly I wished the morrow;—vainly I had sought to borrow From my books surcease of sorrow—sorrow for the lost Lenore— For the rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore— Nameless here for evermore.The use of the raven—the "devil bird"—also suggests this. A direct allusion to Satan also appears: "Whether Tempter sent, or whether tempest tossed thee here ashore..." Poe chose a raven as the central symbol in the story because he wanted a "non-reasoning" creature capable of speech.He decided on a raven, which he considered "equally capable of speech" as a parrot, because it matched the intended tone of the poem." Open here I flung the shutter, when, with many a flirt and flutter, In there stepped a stately Raven of the saintly days of yore; Not the least obeisance made he; not a minute stopped or stayed he; But, with mien of lord or lady, perched above my chamber door— Perched upon a bust of Pallas just above my chamber door— Perched, and sat, and nothing more. By that Heaven that bends above us—by that God we both adore— Tell this soul with sorrow laden if, within the distant Aidenn, It shall clasp a sainted maiden whom the angels name Lenore— Clasp a rare and radiant maiden whom the angels name Lenore." Quoth the Raven "Nevermore." "Be that word our sign of parting, bird or fiend!Then this ebony bird beguiling my sad fancy into smiling, By the grave and stern decorum of the countenance it wore, "Though thy crest be shorn and shaven, thou," I said, "art sure no craven, Ghastly grim and ancient Raven wandering from the Nightly shore— Tell me what thy lordly name is on the Night's Plutonian shore! " I shrieked, upstarting— "Get thee back into the tempest and the Night's Plutonian shore! Take thy beak from out my heart, and take thy form from off my door!Sitting on a bust of Pallas, the raven seems to further distress the protagonist with its constant repetition of the word "Nevermore".The poem makes use of folk, mythological, religious, and classical references."The Raven" is a narrative poem by American writer Edgar Allan Poe.First published in January 1845, the poem is often noted for its musicality, stylized language, and supernatural atmosphere.