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We hope this article helps you effectively present your literature review in both the introduction as well as the discussion section of your manuscript.
If you are writing a literature review as part of a practice-based exegesis, the content within this module will be relevant to you.
However, it’s important to note that, to some extent, your literature review is likely to deviate from a typical literature review.
This is a cyclical, iterative process in that you will return to find and read more sources and incorporate them into your synthesis.
While many of the general considerations outlined in this module are pertinent to all research, there are some particular things to consider when writing a literature review within your discipline.
In this section, your findings should be the focus, rather than those of other researchers.
Therefore, you should only use the studies mentioned in the literature review as support and evidence for your study.You will also need to revisit your literature review in the final stages of your research to relate your own findings to what other scholars have previously found in your area.At this stage you may need to explore fields that were not included in your preliminary review.After selecting a topic to investigate, you will begin to locate and read sources.Then you will analyse, evaluate and synthesise the texts before organising them into a logical structure that you will use to write your literature review.There are three ways in which you can use literature reviews in the discussion section: However, there are three common mistakes that researchers make when including literature reviews in the discussion section.First, they mention all sorts of studies, some of which are not even relevant to the topic under investigation.A literature review written in the early stages of research is likely to change because you need to review and revise it from time to time and ensure it is up to date.You will probably find yourself engaging with the literature in different ways at different stages of your research.Conducting a literature review is an ongoing, non-linear, and iterative process.“Your literature review will inform your question, theory, and methods, and your question, theory, and methods will help set the parameters of your literature review.This is a cyclical process.” (O’Leary 2010, p.83)It is usually one of the first tasks that graduate research students undertake, and one of the last to be completed.