Frankenstein As A Gothic Novel Critical Essays

Frankenstein As A Gothic Novel Critical Essays-25
Victor’s emotions at this point are summarised in the following extracts; ‘I beheld the accomplishment of my toils with an anxiety that almost amounted to agony’.

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Even through these short extracts Shelley gives a clear insight into Victor’s desperation and anguish, these extreme emotions, especially when being applied to such an immoral act, are clearly intended to be interpreted as disturbing and ultimately gothic.

Still Shelley continues to amount emotions by giving Victor an outburst of strong powerful language, that again would have been interpreted as more powerful and ‘ruder’ then it would nowadays, as a result of the widespread use of words previously considered as rude, perverse and unacceptable; ‘CURSED, CURSED CREATOR! Why, in that instant did I not extinguish the spark of existence which you had so wantonly bestowed?

Pathetic fallacy is often a feature of the gothic genre. When something is wrong or there is evil nearby the weather is usually dark, stormy or agitated.

Pathetic fallacy adds a great deal of tension to any novel as it brings more tension and further hints to the reader as to the events to follow.

The main way in which Shelley expresses the gothic genre throughout the novel is through the characters.

Many of the characters can be fairly judged to, in numerous ways appear gothic, this, as previously mentioned is regularly subtle or disguised somehow in a way that would have been considered more acceptable and common at the time of publication.Generically, Frankenstein can be considered gothic in numerous ways, to understand and interpret theses effectively and in depth we must first outline the usual features and aspects of the gothic genre.The gothic genre is somewhat expected to contain vivid features of life and death, religion; or the lack/ defiance of it and the struggle of good versus evil.In conclusion all aspects of the deaths in Frankenstein can be seen as gothic.The use of pathetic fallacy in Frankenstein can be described as gothic.To be portrayed in a novel such as Frankenstein the author must have an existing aspiration to feature the gothic genre in the novel as gothic is a particular field of literature this is clearly acknowledged by Shelley as she clearly described her intentions to ‘awaken thrilling horror (Frankenstein 1831: intro) Throughout Frankenstein Mary Shelley, the author often disguises the vivid gothic aspects of the novel, in and amongst regularly applied features found in a novel that would be considered a standard or general fiction read.“The gothic genre exposes and explores desires, anxieties and fears that both society and individual, in there striving to maintain stability attempt to suppress: it is interested in the exploration of what is forbidden, is the dissolution of certainties, categories: above all, it is associated with transgression: not only do the texts themselves, in crossing the boundaries of the ‘real’ transgress, but transgression is a central focus of the gothic plot: all barriers are broken down, all forbidden areas penetrated.” Glennis Byrou 1999.’ That extract shows Victor’s madness and desperation have mounted to give an overwhelming aura of confusion, Victor has finally achieved the ‘accomplishment of his toils’, he has been far overworking for over 2 years, and at the sight of his completed ‘experiment’ he instantly regrets everything and immediately knows he has sinned.The main subject of the novel, the creature can definitely be seen as gothic.Mary Shelley's tale of creation and destruction has claimed a central place in Anglo-American culture since its first publication in 1818.Along the way, Frankenstein has come to stand for the genre we call Gothic.


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