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While elementary teachers continued to use written descriptions and narrative reports to document student learning, high school teachers began using percentages and other similar markings to certify students' accomplishments in different subject areas.
In essence, grading is an exercise in professional judgment on the part of teachers.
It involves the collection and evaluation of evidence on students' achievement or performance over a specified period of time, such as nine weeks, an academic semester, or entire school year.
In the United States, A-F grading system is mainly adapted.
However, it sometimes causes students a lot of problems.
Through this process, various types of descriptive information and measures of students' performance are converted into grades or marks that summarize students' accomplishments.
Although some educators distinguish between grades and marks, most consider these terms synonymous.Both imply a set of symbols, words, or numbers that are used to designate different levels of achievement or performance.They might be letter grades such as A, B, C, D, and F; symbols such as &NA; , &NA;, and &NA;−; descriptive words such as Exemplary, Satisfactory, and Needs Improvement; or numerals such as 4, 3, 2, and 1.Reporting is the process by which these judgments are communicated to parents, students, or others.Grading and reporting are relatively recent phenomena in education.According to "Growth in The United Nations Member, 1945-2003", now there are 191 countries in the world. In school, we get not only knowledge from teachers but also learn socialization skill from peer group; therefore, school takes a great important role in adolescent, and education enables us to broaden our perspective.When we evaluate student's academic achievement, we adapt the grading system.Student's will and characteristic don't exist there.I do believe that we abolish the A-F grading system and adopt the pass/fail grading system instead.Some school teachers and parents who support the A-F grading system never allow getting away from academic rigor and competition.They always say platitudinously that you study hard or you cannot go to a good university or get a better job.