Celebrated as a painter, sculptor, architect, engineer, and scientist, he revolutionized how the modern man thinks, and paved the way for modern Leonardo was born in the small town of Vinci, in Tuscany, near Florence.
He was the son of a wealthy Lawyer and a peasant woman.
This work was also never completed and known only through drawings related to the project.
After the fall (1499) of Ludovico Sforza, Leonardo left Milan and, following brief sojourns in Mantua and Venice, returned to Florence in 1500.
His engagement took him to central Italy to study swamp reclamation projects in Piombino and to tour the cities of Romagna.
At Urbino he met Niccolò Machiavelli, who later became a close friend.
Early sources describe his beauty, charm of manner, and precocious display of artistic talent.
In 1466 Leonardo moved to Florence, where he entered the workshop of Verrocchio and came into contact with such artists as Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, and Lorenzo di Credi.
He depicted in his drawings, with scientific precision and consummate artistry, subjects ranging from flying machines to caricatures; he also executed intricate anatomical studies of people, animals, and plants.
The richness and originality of intellect expressed in his notebooks reveal one of the greatest minds of all time.