Charlotte Brontë’s Shirley (1849) may be the finest example of how the Victorian novel combines the French Revolution and the Industrial Revolution into a narrative intelligence that ultimately results in a sustained schizophrenic split across different narrative instances.
Separation from the daily language also implements the function of breaking the habits of everyday conversation.
Formalists who consider the work as a whole refuse to interpret the text based on historical, sociological and biographical data; on the contrary, they aim to examine the text as far as its own features.
Measurements of the frequency of a single word in a single text, or in thousands of texts, operate at extremes of scale.
These analyses demand new kinds of abstraction:ones that can take into account minute effects in single texts...