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These are considered unreliable because they are not reviewed by other researchers and are often based on little more than common sense or personal experience.Wikipedia contains much valuable information, but the fact that its authors are anonymous and may not have any formal training or expertise in that subject area, and its content continually changes makes it unsuitable as a basis of sound scientific research.
“One study has shown that eyewitness errors are the most common cause of false convictions (ref.).
Almost all innocent individuals exonerated by DNA evidence had been convicted primarily as a result of erroneous eyewitness evidence (ref.) Consequently, a great deal of research has focussed on the unreliability of eyewitness testimony (refs.).” , such a narrow focus may not fully explain how people remember (ref.). Reviews the chronological development of research in this area (an approach that is useful at times, but not always the best).
“ on collaborative memory is that the memory of groups is compared with that of individuals. group performance should not be compared with individual performance but rather with ‘nominal groups’ comprised of pooled, non-redundant data from the same number of people tested individually.” 8. Most research involving the Experimentally Induced Information methodology seeks to identify the influence of misinformation presented by one witness to another, and therefore the assumption is made that discussion between witnesses is a detrimental process. “While the misinformation effect is a well-established phenomenon, ‘what remains in dispute is the nature of a satisfactory theoretical explanation’ (ref.). Therefore, in order to understand why memory conformity occurs, we must draw from both cognitive research on memory and social research on conformity.
In this section, relevant cognitive and social theories are discussed in order to (1) explain the occurrence of memory conformity and (2) describe factors that influence memory conformity.” 3.
Researchers who want to publish their work in the journal submit a manuscript to the editor—who is generally an established researcher too—who in turn sends it to two or three experts on the topic.
Each reviewer reads the manuscript, writes a critical but constructive review, and sends the review back to the editor along with his or her recommendations.Most articles in professional journals are one of two basic types: empirical research reports and review articles.Empirical research reports describe one or more new empirical studies conducted by the authors.This entire process is double-blind, as the reviewers do not know the identity of the researcher(s), and vice versa.Double-blind peer review is helpful because it ensures that the work meets basic standards of the field before it can enter the research literature.Identifies which explanations are likely to be valid in explaining the results of experiments conducted for this thesis. “Whist it has been shown that in some circumstances many people tend to conform to the opinions of others, we also know that some people are able to resist conforming in some situations. This section of the literature review examines factors influencing whether or not a person is likely to conform that are (1) in the situation, and (2) within the individual.” 8.Reviewing the research literature means finding, reading, and summarizing the published research relevant to your question.When a review article is devoted primarily to presenting a new theory, it is often referred to as a theoretical article.Most professional journals in psychology undergo a process of double-blind peer review.There are thousands of professional journals that publish research in psychology and related fields.They are usually published monthly or quarterly in individual issues, each of which contains several articles.