Perfectionists are focused on personal integrity and can be wise, discerning and inspiring in their quest for the truth.
They also tend to dissociate themselves from their flaws or what they believe are flaws (such as negative emotions) and can become hypocritical and hypercritical of others, seeking the illusion of virtue to hide their own vices.
Perfectionists tend to be harsh critics of themselves when they fail to meet their standards. Normal perfectionists are more inclined to pursue perfection without compromising their self-esteem, and derive pleasure from their efforts.
Neurotic perfectionists are prone to strive for unrealistic goals and feel dissatisfied when they cannot reach them.
Hamachek offers several strategies that have proven useful in helping people change from maladaptive towards healthier behavior.
They have been labeled differently, and are sometimes referred to as positive striving and maladaptive evaluation concerns, active and passive perfectionism, positive and negative perfectionism, and adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism.
By always being vigilant and trying extremely hard, they can ensure that they not only fail to disappoint or are beyond reproach but that they can protect against unforeseen issues caused by their environment.
Vigilance refers to constant monitoring, often of the news, weather, and financial markets.
This finding suggests that adolescents' high standards may protect them from challenges to personal satisfaction when their standards are not met.
Two other forms of the APS-R measure perfectionism directed towards intimate partners (Dyadic Almost Perfect Scale) and perceived perfectionism from one's family (Family Almost Perfect Scale).