These predictions indicated how the thermal and mechanical conditions during pre-strain significantly affect the shrinking and folding response of the SMP.
The time and temperature dependent response of these SMPs provides unique opportunities for developing complex three-dimensional (3D) structures from initially flat sheets through self-folding origami, but the application of this technique requires predicting accurately the final folded or deformed shape.
Furthermore, current computational approaches for SMPs do not fully couple the thermo-mechanical response of the material.
Furthermore, deployable SMP foams showed potential for use as deployable cell-based therapies to facilitate bone repair, as expanding foams were able to support osteogenic differentiation of attached stem cells.
This work demonstrates the potential of SMPs to be employed as dynamic materials to study cell-material interactions in dynamic environments and to aid in the development of functional tissue engineered constructs.