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Raja Ram Mohan Roy was the founder of the Brahmo Samaj and is known as the Father of the Bengal Renaissance.Born in Radhanagore, West Bengal on May 22, 1772, he is most well-known for his efforts to abolish the evil practice of sati.
When the Bengal government proposed a more traditional Sanskrit college, in 1823, Roy protested that classical Indian literature would not prepare the youth of Bengal for the demands of modern life.
He proposed instead a modern Western curriculum of study.
He founded the Brahmo Samaj in 1828 along with Dwarkanath Tagore.
He initially worked as a moneylender and from 1803 to 1814 worked with the British East India Company. Though he campaigned vigorously against practices like Sati, idolatry and polygamy, he was not against tradition and religion. Besides, he campaigned for the right of widows to remarry, the right of women to hold property and the right of women to education.
It was his firm opinion that English-language education was much better than the traditional Indian education system, and he opposed the grant of government funds to support schools teaching Sanskrit.
In 1822, he started a school based on the Western scheme of education.Roy also led a protest against the outmoded British legal and revenue administration in India.Brahmo Samaj (Society of Brahma), a Hindu reformist sect that utilized Unitarian and other liberal Christian elements in its beliefs.He was a tireless social reformer, yet he also revived interest in the ethical principles of the Vedanta school as a counterpoise to the Western assault on Indian culture.In his textbooks and treatises he contributed to the popularization of the Bengali language, while at the same time he was the first Indian to apply to the Indian environment the fundamental social and political ideas of the French and American revolutions.He became interested in Christianity and learned Hebrew and Greek in order to read the Old ( In 1823, when the British imposed censorship upon the Calcutta (Kolkata) press, Roy, as founder and editor of two of India’s earliest weekly newspapers, organized a protest, arguing in favour of freedom of speech and religion as natural rights.That protest marked a turning point in Roy’s life, away from preoccupation with religious polemic and toward social and political action.The Brahmo Samaj was set up to fight against the social and religious evils in society prevalent during that time. In 1831 Ram Mohan Roy traveled to the United Kingdom as an ambassador of the Mughal empire. His writings emboldened the British East India Governing Council to act decisively on the matter, leading to the prohibition of suttee in 1829.Vedanta College in order to teach his Hindu monotheistic doctrines.