Vannevar Bush Invention 1945 Essay

Vannevar Bush Invention 1945 Essay-24
After the war, he continued advocating for the support of basic scientific research.In his 1945 report to President Roosevelt, titled “”, Bush called for the expansion of government funding to basic and applied sciences.The organization employed more than 6000 scientists by the end of the war, and supervised development of the atom bomb. Military and universities with a level of research funding not previously deployed, providing the universities with large, new revenue streams for establishment of laboratories, acquisition of equipment, and the conduct of pure and applied research.

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Consider a future device for individual use, which is a sort of mechanized private file and library.

It needs a name, and to coin one at random, "memex" will do.

Ted Nelson, who coined the term “hypertext” in 1967, describes Bush’s article as describing the principles of it. He served as dean of the school of engineering at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, president of the Carnegie Institution of Washington D. and was the President’s top advisor during World War II.

He was chairman of the President’s National Defense Research Committee (1940) Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development (1941–1947), Chairman of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (1939–1941), founder of the National Science Foundation and was a central figure in the development of nuclear fission and the Manhattan Project.

“A memex is a device in which an individual stores his books, records and communications and which is mechanized so that it may be consulted with exceeding speed and flexibility.

It is an enlarged intimate supplement to his memory.” The article goes on to describe the physical desk as having a set of translucent screens, keyboard, buttons and levers.

The vision stamped by memex strongly inspired succeeding generations of scientists and engineers who built the Internet, notably J.

Vannevar Bush was born on March 11, 1890, in Everett, Massachusetts. As head of the committee, Bush initiated the Manhattan project, contributing significantly to the Allied victory.

However, Vannevar Bush's most direct influence on the development of the Internet comes from his visionary description of an information system he called "memex", in an article titled published in the Atlantic Monthly in July, 1945, in which he describes the first automated information management system (see excerpt top of this page). Many leading researchers realized that a memex type system would eventually be built, and worked to help realize it.

Bush's memex was a breakthrough revelation, an information centric application of electronic technology not previously considered. Only now, more than 50 years later, is Bush's dream becoming fully realized with the development of personal computers, the web, and search engines.


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